“Planned, comprehensive periods of time during which registered nurses can acquire the knowledge and skills to deliver safe, quality care in a specific clinical setting” (Institute of Medicine, 2011).
New Graduate RN Transition to Practice
Planned, comprehensive program through which currently licensed registered nurses with less than 12 months of relevant experience can demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that meet the standards of practice defined by a professional society or association or the applicant organization. The program must be at least 6 months in length, encompassing organizational orientation, practice-based experience, and supplemental activities to promote nursing professional development. All registered nurses (or international equivalent) who have graduated from an accredited school of nursing are eligible (associate degree, diploma, bachelor’s degree, or master’s degree). (American Nurses Credentialing Center, 2020 PTAP Manual)
Residency programs help new-graduate nurses develop the skills, competence, and confidence required for autonomous practice. They also yield significant rewards for healthcare organizations by improving retention, organizational commitment, and the development of future nurse leaders. See the diagram below: